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Country Data
• Population 41,048,532
• Area 947,300 sq km
• Climate varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
• Capital Dodoma
• GDP (PPP) $57.69 billion (2009 est.)
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Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.